Personal Safety

UK Safety Alarm Standards and How They Affect Your Personal Security

UK Alarm Security Standards

Personal safety is a crucial aspect of our daily lives, and many people rely on safety alarms to help protect themselves from potential threats. In the UK, specific safety alarm standards exist to ensure the effectiveness and reliability of these devices. This article will discuss the UK safety alarm standards, their impact on personal security, and recommendations for choosing the right safety alarm for your needs. Furthermore, we will also delve into some frequently asked questions related to personal safety alarms.

Table of Contents

  1. UK Safety Alarm Standards
  2. Importance of Alarm Standards
  3. Choosing the Right Safety Alarm
  4. Frequently Asked Questions

UK Safety Alarm Standards

In the United Kingdom, personal safety alarms are regulated by BSI Group (British Standards Institution) and include the following standards:

  1. BSI PAS 2017:2010 - This standard focuses on the performance requirements of a personal security alarm. Some of the factors it takes into consideration include the alarm's sound pressure level and the length of time the alarm continues to emit sound.
  2. BSI EN 50131-5-3:2005 - This European standard outlines the requirements, test methods, and performance criteria for intrusion and hold-up alarm equipment. It specifically targets devices designed for unsupervised civilian use, including personal safety alarms.

These standards ensure that all safety alarms available in the UK adhere to specific guidelines, ensuring their effectiveness in providing personal security.

Importance of Alarm Standards

Alarm standards exist to provide a consistent level of quality and reliability across all safety alarms. By adhering to these standards, manufacturers ensure that their products provide the best possible protection for consumers. Here are some reasons why these standards are essential:


When it comes to personal security, a reliable safety alarm can be the difference between preventing an attack and becoming a victim. Alarm standards ensure that every device on the market meets the necessary performance requirements, giving consumers peace of mind when using their safety alarms.

Sound Pressure Level

A critical aspect of any safety alarm is its sound pressure level - how loud the alarm is when activated. The standards mentioned above determine the appropriate volume levels for alarms, ensuring they are loud enough to scare off potential attackers and draw attention to the situation.


Alarm standards establish consistency both between various alarm models and throughout the lifetime of a single device. These standards help ensure that safety alarms will work correctly when needed most, minimizing the chances of false alarms or malfunctioning devices.

Consumer Trust

Alarm standards help build consumer trust in the quality and effectiveness of safety alarms. When a device meets the established guidelines, buyers can feel confident that their safety is well protected.

Choosing the Right Safety Alarm

Although all safety alarms sold within the UK must meet specific standards, there are several factors to consider when choosingthe right one for your needs:


Select a safety alarm that suits your style and preferences. Some alarms come in compact, discreet designs and can easily attach to keys or bags, while others are more conspicuous and designed to stand out. Ensure the alarm is easy to carry and use in an emergency situation.


Consider how the safety alarm functions and whether it is easy to activate and deactivate. Some alarms have a pull-out pin, while others use a button, switch, or even voice commands. Make sure that the alarm can be operated efficiently when in distress.


While all safety alarms must meet specific sound pressure level standards, it is still essential to choose an alarm loud enough to be heard by others and deter potential attackers. Check the product specifications for the decibel (dB) rating – the higher the rating, the louder the alarm.

Battery Life

Consider the battery life of the safety alarm and any requirements for replacing batteries. Some alarms have a built-in battery that lasts for 3-5 years, while others require regular battery replacements. Ensure you know how to check the battery life and replace it when necessary.


While investing in your personal security is vital, finding a balance between price and quality is essential. Browse through different brands and models within your budget and compare their features to find the best value for money.

Extra Features

Some safety alarms offer additional features, such as flashlights, personal location tracking, or compatibility with smartphone apps. While these features might not be mandatory, they can enhance the usefulness and convenience of the device.

Frequently Asked Questions

  • What is the range of a personal safety alarm?

    The range of a personal safety alarm varies depending on the device's sound pressure level, environmental factors, and the listener's hearing capabilities. Generally, a safety alarm with a 120-130 dB rating can be heard up to 300-500 meters away.

  • How often should I test my safety alarm?

    It is essential to test your safety alarm regularly to ensure it is functioning correctly. Aim to test the alarm at least once a month, but it's also a good idea to check it before attending any events or situations where you may feel vulnerable.

  • Are personal safety alarms legal in the UK?

    Yes, personal safety alarms are legal in the UK, provided they meet the required standards outlined in this article. They are designed to emit a loud noise to deter potential attackers and alert others to your situation.

In conclusion, understanding the UK safety alarm standards and their impact on personal security is essential when choosing the right safety alarm. By selecting a device that adheres to these guidelines and considering factors such as design, functionality, volume, battery life, and extra features, you can feel reassured and secure in your daily activities. Stay informed and prioritize your safety by choosing a reliable personal safety alarm for yourself and your loved ones.

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